As the days get shorter and the nights get colder, wild bird species begin preparing for winter in various ways. How much do you know about two of their favorite strategies --hibernation and migration? Take our Fall Migration Nature Quiz and find out! (answers to quiz at bottom of page)
1. There are three ways for birds to tell directions during migration. Name them.
2. How much fat does a bird need to accumulate before migrating long distances (in percentage of weight?) (a) 20% (b) 50% (c) 70%
3. How do animals know when to start geting ready to migrate or hibernate?
4. What is a staging area?
5. When was North America's first bird observatory set up? (a) 1937 (b) 1955 (c) 1960
6. Which bird is not a neotropical migrant? (a) Downy Woodpecker (b) Scarlet Tanager (c) Bobolink
7. Besides hibernation and migration, name something an animal might do to combat winter?
8. Which of these species do not hibernate? (a) Woodchuck (b) Arctic Ground Squirrel (c) Long-tailed Weasel (d) Chipmunk
9. Which of these birds do not migrate? (a) Arctic Tern (b) Herring Gull (c) Dark-eyed Junco (d) Black-capped Chickadee
10. Hummingbirds fly south on the backs of geese. True or False?
11. Where do bats hibernate? (a) In caves (b) In trees (c) In barns
12. Do wasp colonies survive in the winter?
13. What country is the southern destination of Monarch Butterflies?
14. What North American bear does not hibernate?
15. The Wooly Bear Caterpillar hibernates as a larva for up to 14 winters. True or False?
16. Why do Canada Geese travel in a V-shape?
17. Migrating Hawks purposefully look for warm air currents or updrafts for gliding. True or False?
18. What do frogs do in winter? (a) Die (b) Bury themselves in the soil and pass winter in a frozen state (c) Spend the winter swimming and eating on lake bottoms
19. What is the southern most destination of the American Robin?
20. Find the correct noun of abundance for the following migrants (e.g. a pod of seals)
- Covey (a) Teal
- Fall (b) Herons
- Siege (c) Quail
- Cast (d) Woodcock
- Congregation (e) Finches
- Spring (f) Plovers
- Walk (g) Swallows
- Gam (h) Hawk
- Charm (i) Sparrows
- Skein (j) Whale
- Hose (k) Snipe
- Flight (l) Geese (in flight)
Answers to Nature Quiz
- From the sun's position, from star patterns, and from the earth's electromagnetic field
- (b) 50%
- By the changing photo period i.e. the longer days in the spring and the shorter days in the fall
- It is an area of abundant food where migrating birds stop to rest and feed for extended periods of time. Staging areas are extremely important because they allow birds to quickly replenish fat stores.
- (c) 1960, Long Point Observatory
- (a) Downy Woodpecker
- Live under the snow like weasels and mice; grow a thicker coat like wolves and moose; or add a layer of extra fat like seals
- (c) Long-tailed Weasel
- (e) Black-capped Chickadee
- False, they fly on their own reserves
- All three
- No. Only the queen overwinters; the rest die off in the fall
- The Polar Bear
- To conserve energy
- East and West coasts of Mexico
- 1 (c); 2 (d); 3 (b); 4 (h); 5 (f); 6 (a); 7 (k); 8 (j); 9 (e); 10 (l); 11 (i); 12 (g)